This course is a basic introduction to archaeological and anthropological understandings of landscapes. We will address the following themes:
1) origins and historiography of the sub discipline of Landscape archaeology
2) the various themes investigated by anthropological archaeologists employing a landscape approach (through case studies)
a. Cultural ecology
c. Ideational perspectives
3) Use of Landscape archaeology in the South Asian context
4) Intersections of Landscape archaeology with other approaches to studying the past, particularly intensive, object-based studies.
5) Engagement with the current conceptions of the Anthropocene.
(Specific details of what the course intends to achieve in terms of student knowledge and ability. Items should begin with phrases such as “To provide students with …”, “To enable students to …”, “To develop students’ skills in …” and so on.)
The course is designed to give theoretical and conceptual tools to students to undertake basic analyses of a broad-scale archaeology. They will engage in independent, critical thinking and writing regarding such approaches to doing archaeology.
a. Students will appreciate how archaeologists know what we know about the past.
b. The methods employed by archaeologists, especially while studying ‘landscapes’, will introduce students to a novel analytical and interpretive framework, that is different from what historians do.
c. In addition, students will hone writing, analyzing, and presentation skills.
d. The course will be geared towards engaging with archaeological materials from different areas of the world and as such students will learn to appreciate diversities inherent in these archaeological data.
(Syllabus, Lab work, Project, Term paper, Group work, etc.)
Detailed lecture and tutorial schedule will be given on the first of class. Dates for Assessments such as Quizzes and Exams will be notified as well. Class Policies will also be spelt out clearly.
Teaching and Learning Strategy
(Teaching methods and tools, use of LMS, software used or taught, external visits, workshops)
Teaching and Learning Strategy Description of Work Class Hours Out-of-Class Hours
Lectures and discussions Lectures 40 80
TUTORIAL DISCUSSIONS 15
(Formative assessment and feedback to student, Summary assessment at the end of the course)
QUIZZES, MID TERM AND FINAL EXAM, TUTORIAL DISCUSSIONS.
Mapping of Learning Outcomes to Assessment Strategy
(For each learning outcome listed in Item 12, describe the formative and summative assessment strategy)
Type of Assessment Description Percentage
QUIZZES Evaluating what archaeologists do, as contrasted with historians. 20%
MID TERM EXAM Students will learn to analyze using a landscape archaeological approach. 30%
FINAL EXAM Students learn to formulate strategies and methods to investigate archaeological landscapes. 40%
TUTORIAL Students learn to critically evaluate texts and documents. 10%
Alcock, S. E. and J. F. Cherry (2004). Side-by-side survey: comparative regional studies in the Mediterranean World. Oxford, Oxbow.
Ashmore, Wendy and Bernard Knapp (1999). Archaeologies of Landscape contemporary perspectives. Malden, Mass. Blackwell Publishers.
Basso, K. H. (1996). Wisdom sits in places: landscape and language among the Western Apache. Albuquerque, University of New Mexico Press
Bender, B. (1993). Landscape: politics and perspectives. New York, Berg.
Bradley, R. (1998). The significance of monuments: on the shaping of human experience in Neolithic and Bronze Age Europe. London, Routledge.
Bradley, R. (2000). An archaeology of natural places. London, Routledge.
Chapman, H. (2006) Landscape Archaeology and GIS. Tempus Publishing.
Cherry, J. F., J. L. Davis, et al. (1991). Landscape archaeology as long-term history: northern Keos in the Cycladic Islands from earliest settlement until modern times. Los Angeles, UCLA Institute of Archaeology.
Cosgrove, D. E. and S. Daniels (1988). The Iconography of landscape: essays on the symbolic representation, design, and use of past environments. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
David, B. and J. Thomas (2008). Handbook of landscape archaeology. Walnut Creek, CA, Left Coast Press.
Fish, S. K. and S. A. Kowalewski (1990). The Archaeology of regions: a case for full-coverage survey. Washington; Smithsonian Institution Press.
Ingold, T. (1993). ‘The Temporality of the Landscape’ World Archaeology 25(2): 152.
Mitchell, W.J.T. (2002). Landscape and Power. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
Yoffee, N. (2007). Negotiating the past in the past: identity, memory, and landscape in archaeological research. Tucson, Un